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雅思(IELTS)口語part3話題—environment

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  1.Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  2.Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  3.Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?
 

  1. Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  這個題目看起來應該是非常好說的,環境問題,大家應該多少都是知道一些的。題目要求說some,我們大概說兩個就差不多了。每個環境問題,我們可以把它的起因,現狀和影響都陳述一下,回答的內容一定會是很充分的。下面列舉一些常見的問題和對應的思路表達。

 

  全球變暖:global warming/ temperature rise/ carbon emission/ ice glaciers and caps melt/ sea level rise/ fishing industry/ residents living in coastal areas

  空氣污染:air pollution/ exhaust from cars and factories/ burning of fossil fuels

  水污染:water/ ocean pollution/ chemical runoff/ untreated sewage

  白色污染:white pollution/ plastic bags/ non-biodegradable materials

  水土流失:soil erosion/ soil fertility decrease

  亂砍亂伐:deforestation/ unbalance ecosystem/

  下面也給大家一個范例回答:

  The most serious pollution that is widely discussed these days is global warming. With the increasing carbon emission and the loss of ozone layer, the global temperature is on the rise, which makes the ice glaciers and caps melt and the sea level increase. Therefore, many coastal areas have been flooded and people living there become displaced.

 

  2. Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  我個人覺得,比較真實的回答應該是沒有的。因為如果有的話,其實這些問題就不會存在了,或者得到很好的緩解。而事實是,很多問題不但沒有改善,而且還在惡化。那么,顯然,政府做得還不夠。I think governments have not done their best to deal with the environmental problems.

  下面就說說為啥:

  很多環境問題,比較宏觀,影響面非常的廣,根本沒法一時半會解決,甚至根本不太可能解決。

  Many environmental problems are affecting very large areas, so that they cannot by dealt with in a short time or be tackled by one country.

  以中國為例,為什么我們對于一些污染治理不夠?因為,社會經濟的發展,很多時候,不可避免地會造成環境的破壞。比如我們這幾年非常流行的霧霾的天氣,其實就是工業高速發展的一個必然產物。當年倫敦也是一樣的。所以,如果要做到絕對的杜絕污染,所有的排放物不能有一點的臟東西,那么,很多的產業就會收到嚴重的影響,經濟會有巨大的打擊。

  Also, take China as an example, if we impose strict rules on reducing the emission and on forcing factories to release their waste with no harmful material at all, many of the industries will be influenced. The local industry will be damaged.

  比如汽車,如果全部環保,都用電動的,那么很多人都買不起汽車了,那么人們的出行,社會的基本效率的保持,都會收到嚴重的影響。

  If we want to control the air pollution in the cities and replac all the existing cars with the electricity cars, many of the car users cannot afford buying cars and the productivity of the society will be reduced because they all have to take public transport instead.

  法律制定的得不是很完善,有些問題沒有被寫到法律中去。

  The current legal system is not perfect, many of the urgent issues have not be included in the law.

  法律的處罰措施太輕,不能起到約束的作用。比如我亂扔垃圾,通常是沒有人回來阻止我,或者罰款的。及時罰款,可能就5塊錢,10塊錢。那么,下次,我可能還會扔垃圾。假設,扔垃圾一定會被捉到,每次罰款5千,我想我這輩子都不會再丟垃圾了。

  The punishment of the laws is not strict enough to restrict people from violating laws. For example, if the factory emits some chemical waste, they may not be immediately fined or only a small amount of money which is comparable to their benefit they make.

  相關環保法規的宣傳力度不夠,或者我們都知道要綠色出行,要綠色生活的方式,但是,到底怎么綠色,用什么方法,其實我們并不知道,所以,政府應該多做一些宣傳片,或者學校里面增加相關的課程,去指導人們綠色環保。

  There is limited publicity of the environmental regulations. We may have some basic idea of law carbon lifestyle, but we fail to live that way because we are not told about how to live environmental friendly or how to recycle and reuse all the waste materials. The authority should make more videos and booklets to tell people the detailed steps in becoming greener in life.

 

  3. Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?

  原因如下:

  有些環境問題屬于抽象宏觀型,如果落實到某一個人的某一天的生活的話,沒有很的明顯的體現。比如全球變暖,溫度確實在上升,但是具體到某一天,溫度的變化幾乎是微不足道的。甚至我們整體來看這十幾年,其實平均溫度也沒有增加多少,可能只有零點幾度而已。

  Some of the environment issue is too broad, if we view it from a daily basis in a small region, there is almost no sign of how the problem affects daily life. For example, we all know the complexity and seriousness of global warming, but for any single day, we may fail to experience an obvious temperature rise.

  很多問題離我們很遠,比如沙漠化,我們只有當沙塵暴吹過來的時候才有體會,平常就不會想這件事情。

  Many issues are far away from wher we normally live, such as desertification. only when we are affected by sandstorm can we realize the seriousness of the problem.

  還有就是,我們覺得科技的發展可以完全解決這些問題。

  We may think that the advance in technology can greatly resolve all these problems.

  或者我們覺得這些都是政府的工作,他們已經或者一定會管理的,跟我們是沒有關系的。

  We may think that the protection job is the responsibility of the central government. Ordinary people can do very little thing in these matters.

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